Treatment of varicose veins - Facts, causes and remedies

14-11-2017 mcnuggetz
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Veins, like arteries are blood vessels. The arteries carry blood from the heart to the body, while veins carry blood back to the heart. Did you know that there are over 60,000 kilometers of blood vessels in the body know?

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Deep veins are veins found deep in the leg muscles and when these muscles contract, forcing blood flow upward along the deep veins. This is the way in which the blood is supplied from the legs to the heart.

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There are small way-valves along the walls of the veins that prevent blood from flowing in the reverse direction. There are 3 types of these veins with valves in the legs: deep veins, superficial veins are under the skin and perforated veins whose valves allow blood to flow from the superficial veins to the deep veins. Perforated veins passing through the thick muscles for each leg deep veins.

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Varicose veins are visible near the surface of the skin and appear as bulging bluish-colored twisted knots and even the skin feels bumpy. They can occur anywhere, but mostly in the calves and thighs, affecting both men and women alike.

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Varicose veins can cause pain, burning, heaviness, tiredness, cramps and itching in the legs or may not cause any pain at all.

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Although deeper varicose veins are not visible, the skin above them may darken and swell. In severe cases, varicose veins can burst or develop open sores on the skin around the ankles and heels.

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Causes

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Family history. An inherited weakness of the valves in the veins.
With age, the elasticity of the walls along veins weaken extending veins. Hormonal changes in the body during pregnancy and menopause relaxes the walls of the veins. In addition, during pregnancy the veins may receive extra pressure from the expanding uterus causing dilation. Furthermore, the use of birth control pills or estrogen replacement therapy alters the female hormone levels that can lead to varicose veins.

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Deep vein thrombosis, a blood clot in a deep vein.

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Obesity and lifting heavy objects are also contributing factors.

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Varicose veins can occur as a result of liver disease.
Treatment
Varicose veins are usually harmless. They can be treated with ligation surgery or sclerotherapy. Spider veins can be treated with sclerotherapy and laser. Though newer and supposedly effective removal methods will surely develop the future, it is always important to make sure to gather lots of information about these procedures and seek professional advice before deciding.
How to remove varicose veins?
Exercise regularly. Walking, running, cycling and swimming keep blood vessels healthy.
Eat a diet high in fiber and low in salt.
Remove shoes with high heels.
Avoid tight clothing or clothing that restrict blood flow at the waist, groin and legs.
Elastic stockings are recommended to use them before getting out of bed in the morning.
Do not leave crossed or bent for a long legs.
If work requires prolonged standing or sitting, move and stretch your legs, rotate your ankles and wiggle the toes once in a while.

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Elevate your legs above heart level whenever possible.
Support legs on pillows while sleeping.

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Vitamin E helps improve blood circulation and protect blood vessels from damage.

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