The prickly acacia-like tree Faidherbia albida, which occur naturally in North Africa and the Middle East, has traditionally been used to treat a variety of medical conditions, in addition to promoting soil fertility. Also known as the winter thorn apple-ring acacia and ana tree, Faidherbia albida has been used to treat conditions as varied as malaria, fever, toothache, vomiting, diarrhea and other digestive problems. Faidherbia albida is also used to treat cough, pneumonia, kidney disease, opthalmia, rheumatism, heart wekaness, bleeding and postpartum complications in conventional medicine is not available. Despite this, the safety or efficacy of Faidherbia albida have to treat a condition not been evaluated by the US Food and Drug Administration or any other important regulatory body.
The extremely high concentration of tannin in the bark of the tree makes this plant a natural choice for the treatment of diarrhea, bleeding and bleeding due to the tissue-specific drying and astringent properties of these molecules. Detectable by the unpleasant wrinkle they produce during tasting, plant rich in tannins are used medicinally for the same purposes for which they are on the globe. Also, the bitter taste of the leaves on Faidherbia albida indicates the presence of alkaloids - unpleasant-tasting plant substances that are often either toxic or medicinal depending on the dose used. Some present Faidherbia albida alkaloids may be responsible for the putative anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and anti-malarial properties of the plant. Because of the risk of toxicity, research is needed before these chemicals can be used to treat any condition; However, from 2011 Animal studies have shown that extracts of the whole plant show remarkably low levels of toxicity.
The ubiquity of the medicinal use of Faidherbia albida in communities where it naturally is probably due to the boom of the long-term cooperation with agriculture and human settlement. Many archaeologists believe that the use of these trees helped to expand the range of farming by improving the fertility in parts of North Africa and the Middle East, not affected by the soil-enriching seasonal flooding. These same trees, with their high tolerance for drought and food rich as indigestible seeds, may also have helped communities survive periodic famines. The proximity of this useful plant too early farming communities would probably have inspired these people are able to test the efficacy in a broad spectrum of maladies.
- Faidherbia albida can be used to treat toothaches.
- Some traditional healers and others use Faidherbia albida for its purported ability to reduce fever and inflammation.