Only child syndrome refers to the theory that children who have no siblings are more likely to grow up maladjusted adults. The theory assumes that its roots in the work of G. Stanley Hall, a psychologist who is his only child syndrome theory presented in 1896. Hall believed that only children are more likely to have problems forming relationships and social functioning and that they may even deliberately distance taking others out of a sense of superiority. Hall believed only children are more likely to eccentric and unpopular, selfish loners who can not achieve as well as children who grew up with brothers and sisters. Other experts, however, believe that only children are at no disadvantage socially, and while closer relationships with their parents are, this often translates to higher levels of success in life, rather than higher levels of maladjustment.
Some psychologists and historians point out that society has long stigmatized parents of only children, from a belief that the denial to a child's siblings may harm the child. Some studies seem to suggest that many parents decide to have a second child largely out of concern for the first child welfare. Historically, the only child stigma may be inseparable from the reality of life in an agrarian culture, where large families were more likely to thrive and produce more likely to have children who lived to adulthood. Some experts believe that Hall's theory of the only child syndrome grows from the cultural reality of his time, and others point out that his research may be flawed.
Research conducted in the 20th century and continuing into the 21st century, suggesting that the only child syndrome may be a myth. Only children are often assumed to be more likely to become spoiled, selfish adults who have trouble forming friendships and intimate relationships. Many suggest that only children are often in a more privileged position than children with siblings because they can receive a greater share of their parents' time, attention and resources. For these reasons, some experts claim only kids can actually grow into more accomplished, capable, trustworthy adults with a greater sense of self-worth. However, some adults only children may have difficulty forming close relationships, and can stronger relationships with their parents than children whose siblings do have retained.
There is some evidence to suggest that only children can have problems interacting socially during their early school years. Some studies suggest that, by the time that only children reach their teens, they are generally on a par with their social peers who have siblings. As they ripen, they are more likely to pursue higher education, and can generally be higher than the achievement of peers who have siblings.
- Some people believe that a single child will grow up with a selfish mentality.
- The theory of the only child syndrome suggests that children with siblings will be better adjusted and to achieve more as adults.
- An only child would develop narcissism when they grow up.
- Only children can not communicate well with colleagues at school.
- An only child would be overly attached to parents.
- Children are only children can have problems getting along with others.
- The only child often gets more of the time of his or her parents compared to children with siblings.
- Research suggests that only children in a social line with peers with siblings by their teens.