Analytical thinking undermines religious beliefs

18-01-2017 GHOST666
FONT SIZE :
fontsize_dec
fontsize_inc
I

The religious beliefs of a person are weakened after solving an analytical problem, as revealed by a study published in the journal Science. The authors say the results offer insights into the brain mechanisms that govern religious beliefs.

I


Psychologists thoughts divided into two types: intuitive, which are faster and require less effort, such as whether a person is angry at him face; and analytical thoughts, which are those more deliberate, and used to solve logical or mathematical problems.

I


"From other studies it is known that religious beliefs are built on intuitive thinking type," says Will Gervais, University of British Columbia and co-author of the study. Scientists have now proven the opposite effect, namely, that as intuitive thinking promotes religious beliefs, analytical thinking should weaken.
For this they conducted several experiments in which volunteers answered a questionnaire on religious beliefs after undergoing various tests that were reason analytically, while others solved evidence on which this kind of thinking is not encouraged. The researchers found that people who had done the analytical exercises demonstrating weaker than the other beliefs. Furthermore, in a questionnaire prior to the experiments they had not found differences in religious beliefs between the two groups, so it is unlikely that the cause of the results was because after a team was more religious than another.

I


However, the effects of these `manipulaciones' should not worry anyone. "We are not making people become atheist," says Daniel Kahneman. This psychologist and Nobel Prize for Economics has been a pioneer in research on the influence on the decision making of analytical and intuitive thinking. "What this paper shows is that, when you think more critically and reflectively more likely to reject some claims that are otherwise approve of," he adds. What these findings suggest is that, apart from other cognitive and cultural factors, intuitive thinking is an essential ingredient in religious thought.